Chickamauga: And Other Civil War Stories

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You can go to cart and save for later there. Average rating: 0 out of 5 stars, based on 0 reviews Write a review. Shelby Foote. Walmart Tell us if something is incorrect. Hazen's brigade was caught up in the retreat as they were replenishing their ammunition. James Sheffield's brigade from Hood's division drove back Grose's and Cruft's brigades.

John Turchin's brigade Reynolds's division counterattacked and briefly held off Sheffield, but the Confederates had caused a major penetration in the Federal line in the area of the Brotherton and Dyer fields. Stewart did not have sufficient forces to maintain that position, and was forced to order Bate to withdraw east of the Lafayette Road. At around 2 p. Johnson Hood's corps encountered the advance of Union Brig.

Jefferson C. Davis 's two brigade division of the XX corps, marching north from Crawfish Springs.

Johnson's men attacked Col. Hood ordered Johnson to continue the attack by crossing the LaFayette Road with two brigades in line and one in reserve. The two brigades drifted apart during the attack.

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On the right, Col. John Fulton's brigade routed King's brigade and linked up with Bate at Brotherton field. On the left, Brig. John Gregg's brigade attacked Col. Wilder's Union brigade in its reserve position at the Viniard Farm.

Chickamauga" and Other Civil War Stories

Gregg was seriously wounded and his brigade advance halted. Evander McNair's brigade, called up from the rear, also lost their cohesion during the advance. Union Brig. Wood 's division was ordered to march north from Lee and Gordon's Mill around 3 p. His brigade under Col. George P. Buell was posted north of the Viniard house while Col. Charles Harker's brigade continued up the LaFayette Road. Harker's brigade arrived in the rear of Fulton's and McNair's Confederate regiments, firing into their backs.

Although the Confederates retreated to the woods east of the road, Harker realized he was isolated and quickly withdrew. At the Viniard house, Buell's men were attacked by part of Brig. Evander M. Law 's division of Hood's corps. The brigades of Brig. Jerome B. Robertson and Henry L. Benning pushed southwest toward the Viniard field, pushing back Brig. William Carlin's brigade Davis's division and fiercely struck Buell's brigade, pushing them back behind Wilder's line.

Hood's and Johnson's men, pushing strongly forward, approached so close to Rosecrans's new headquarters at the tiny cabin of Widow Eliza Glenn that the staff officers inside had to shout to make themselves heard over the sounds of battle. There was a significant risk of a Federal rout in this part of the line.

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Wilder's men eventually held back the Confederate advance, fighting from behind a drainage ditch. The Federals launched several unsuccessful counterattacks late in the afternoon to regain the ground around the Viniard house.

Chickamauga and Other Civil War Stories

Heg was mortally wounded during one of these advances. Late in the day, Rosecrans deployed almost his last reserve, Maj. Philip Sheridan 's division of McCook's corps. Luther Bradley and Bernard Laiboldt. Bradley's brigade was in the lead and it was able to push the heavily outnumbered brigades of Robertson and Benning out of Viniard field. Bradley was wounded during the attack. He ordered Maj.

Patrick Cleburne's division Hill's corps to join Polk on the army's right flank. This area of the battlefield had been quiet for several hours as the fighting moved progressively southward. George Thomas had been consolidating his lines, withdrawing slightly to the west to what he considered a superior defensive position.

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Richard Johnson's division and Absalom Baird's brigade were in the rear of Thomas's westward migration, covering the withdrawal. At sunset Cleburne launched an attack with three brigades in line—from left to right, Brig. The attack degenerated into chaos in the limited visibility of twilight and smoke from burning underbrush. Some of Absalom Baird's men advanced to support Baldwin's Union brigade, but mistakenly fired at them and were subjected to return friendly fire. Baldwin was shot dead from his horse attempting to lead a counterattack.

Deshler's brigade missed their objective entirely and Deshler was shot in the chest while examining ammunition boxes. Preston Smith led his brigade forward to support Deshler and mistakenly rode into the lines of Col. Joseph B. Dodge's brigade Johnson's division , where he was shot down. Casualties for the first day of battle are difficult to calculate because losses are usually reported for the entire battle. Historian Peter Cozzens wrote that "an estimate of between 6, and 9, Confederates and perhaps 7, Federals seems reasonable. At Braxton Bragg's headquarters at Thedford Ford, the commanding general was officially pleased with the day's events.

He reported that "Night found us masters of the ground, after a series of very obstinate contests with largely superior numbers. Army of Tennessee historian Thomas Connelly criticized Bragg's conduct of the battle on September 19, citing his lack of specific orders to his subordinates, and his series of "sporadic attacks which only sapped Bragg's strength and enabled Rosecrans to locate the Rebel position.

Bragg's inability to readjust his plans had cost him heavily.

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He had never admitted that he was wrong about the location of Rosecrans' left wing and that as a result he bypassed two splendid opportunities. During the day Bragg might have sent heavy reinforcements to Walker and attempted to roll up the Union left; or he could have attacked the Union center where he knew troops were passing from to the left. Unable to decide on either, Bragg tried to do both, wasting his men in sporadic assaults. Now his Army was crippled and in no better position than that morning.

Walker had, in the day's fighting, lost over 20 per cent of his strength, while Stuart and Cleburne had lost 30 per cent. Gone, too, was any hope for the advantage of a surprise blow against Rosecrans. Bragg met individually with his subordinates and informed them that he was reorganizing the Army of Tennessee into two wings.

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Leonidas Polk, the senior lieutenant general on the field but junior to Longstreet , was given the right wing and command of Hill's Corps, Walker's Corps, and Cheatham's Division. Polk was ordered to initiate the assault on the Federal left at daybreak, beginning with the division of Breckinridge, followed progressively by Cleburne, Stewart, Hood, McLaws, Bushrod Johnson, Hindman, and Preston.

Informed that Lt. Longstreet arrived late on the night of September 19, and had to find his way in the dark to Bragg's headquarters, since Bragg did not send a guide to meet him. Longstreet found Bragg asleep and woke him around 11 p. Bragg told Longstreet he would take charge of the left wing, explained his battle plan for September 20, and provided Longstreet a map of the area.

The third lieutenant general of the army, D. Hill , was not informed directly by Bragg of his effective demotion to be Polk's subordinate, but he learned his status from a staff officer. What Hill did not learn was his role in the upcoming battle. The courier sent with written orders was not able to find Hill and returned to his unit without informing anyone.

Chickamauga: And Other Civil War Stories Chickamauga: And Other Civil War Stories
Chickamauga: And Other Civil War Stories Chickamauga: And Other Civil War Stories
Chickamauga: And Other Civil War Stories Chickamauga: And Other Civil War Stories
Chickamauga: And Other Civil War Stories Chickamauga: And Other Civil War Stories
Chickamauga: And Other Civil War Stories Chickamauga: And Other Civil War Stories
Chickamauga: And Other Civil War Stories Chickamauga: And Other Civil War Stories
Chickamauga: And Other Civil War Stories Chickamauga: And Other Civil War Stories
Chickamauga: And Other Civil War Stories Chickamauga: And Other Civil War Stories
Chickamauga: And Other Civil War Stories Chickamauga: And Other Civil War Stories

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