Upper-division undergraduates through professionals; general readers. Hopefully the book will also benefit consumers by encouraging the media and the food industry to present a more accurate picture of the relative quality of conventional and organic foods.
Organic Production and Food Quality: A Down to Earth Analysis
Everyone with a serious interest in the differences between organic and conventional food should have this book on their coffee table or bookshelf because it is the most comprehensive and objective library of present evidence. John Hodges, Food and Nutrition Sciences. Blair's book is a comprehensive and balanced review of the scientific literature related to the organic versus conventional debate. Each chapter provides an unbiased overview of the literature related to a particular food item and lets the reader decide if their preference for or against a particular organic food is supported by research.
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It is debatable whether these ingredients taste better or are more nutritious than their traditional counterparts. Evidence does not seem to be conclusive, and seems to depend on consumers preferences and perceptions. To date, organic ingredients are typically more expensive and still lack consistency in product quality, mainly due to environmental factors.
Save my name, email, and website in this browser for the next time I comment. Stop by the Innovation Corner! Organic Ingredients Joanna Evoniuk T Organic Ingredients What are Organic Ingredients? May only list organic ingredients on the information panel.
Leave A Comment Cancel reply Comment. Figure 2. Metabolic quotient basal respiration to microbial biomass and functional diversity of soil microbial communities in the DOC trial. Sampling date: March The conclusion to be drawn from this is that accepting a shift in paradigm from conventional to organic farming has a profound impact on research work. This concerns both the choice of research methods and the relevance of topics and priorities Wynen, Within the organic community there is no consensus as to what "holism" in research work means.
Dr Victor M Shorrocks CBiol MSB
To become holistic, the EC Workshop in Belgium in concluded: "We recommend that [organic farming] research on crops and pasture should be done in the context of crop rotations. Others develop on-farm research concepts and integrate farmers in their research work. Or does it mean working inter- or multidisciplinarily, integrating socio-economics in agronomic research? Debating social issues like rural development, ethics and health is another approach to holism.
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- Organic Production and Food Quality : A Down to Earth Analysis!
Finally, adopting anthroposophic concepts seems to be the most radical way of holistic thinking. In his agricultural course in , Rudolf Steiner already transferred his holistic concept of nature to agriculture: "Single parts don't add up to a whole, but a whole controls partial activity and organizes it functionally, whereby this partial activity is subordinate to the whole" Dewes, Bio-dynamic farming indeed combines scientifically based knowledge with spiritual notions based on anthroposophy.
Some of its particular techniques, like the application of bio-dynamic preparations field and compost compounds and the consideration of cosmic and terrestrial forces, had no experimental basis when introduced by Steiner. His image of the farm as an organism is a challenging concept for research! The certification branch will be outsourced in to ensure the independence of certification work. Research and extension work are carried out in plant production, animal husbandry and animal health, economics, landscape and biodiversity.
Knowing that there is no perfect recipe for holism in research and that many problems cannot be resolved without reductionist approaches, FiBL tries to combine and maintain scientific research at all levels of complexity see Figure 3. At each level, interactions differ.govabewykeny.tk
Organic Production and Food Quality - AbeBooks - Robert Blair:
Whereas at the laboratory and glasshouse level pure scientific effects can be studied, site-related issues becomes dominant at the on-farm level. The human factor guides inquiry at the level of the network of reference farms. Socio-economic impacts become more and more important from the network of reference farms up to the wider scale of regional modelling and finally to the national level of analysing data from all organic farms.
Figure 3. The research concept of FiBL tries to achieve a holistic view through consistently combining research work at all levels of complexity. A second approach by which we try to deal with holism is to put complex issues at the centre of research projects. Some of these issues are "food quality", "animal health" or "human health".
To study such complex issues, multidisciplinary research is absolutely necessary and results of one discipline cannot be discussed without considering those of the others. Finally, there is an intensive exchange of information between researchers and extension workers at FiBL.
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In addition, permanent feed-back from inspection work to both research and extension workers is crucial. This guarantees that the farm as a unit and the socio-economic reality of the rural society remains relevant in the thinking of researchers Figure 4.
Figure 4. Knowledge transfer from research to the farms via extension service is important. Close exchange of information with the inspection bodies in Switzerland bio. A very broad and detailed enumeration of problems in production technique where research is needed is given in the paper of Willer and Zerger Therefore, the discussion in this section is only very general.
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